Adonijah, one of David’s sons, set up himself to be king. He wasn’t given the authority, by a very old King David. However Adonijah, was accustomed to doing as he pleased. Nathan and Bathsheba sought to make things right, since Solomon was promised to be the next king.
While there are many important points, I have two of which to share:
(1) Notice the prophet Nathan’s heart, as he approaches King David. While Bathsheba only shared that Adonijah didn’t invite his brother, Solomon, to this large gathering, Nathan reveals his heart. Nathan wasn’t concerned solely with his own self, but for all those who are involved. This shows us the kind of man Nathan was. He was one who wasn’t self absorbed, even when he had a chance to be.
“[Adonijah] has invited all the king’s sons. He has also invited the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest. Even now they are eating and drinking with him. They are saying, ‘May King Adonijah live a long time!’ But he didn’t invite me. He didn’t invite Zadok the priest or Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada. He didn’t invite your son Solomon either (1 King 1:25b-26, NIRV).”
(2) After David ordered for Solomon’s entrance as king, his response is most inspiring. As an old man, whose sons compete for the title of king, he bows in worship from his bed. King David chose to worship God, knowing He has proved to be faithful throughout his life.
“The royal officials came to give their blessing to our master King David. They said, ‘May your God make Solomon’s name more famous than yours! May he make Solomon’s kingdom greater than yours!’ While King David was sitting on his bed, he bowed in worship. He said, ‘I praise the Lord. He is the God of Israel. He has let me live to see my son sitting on my throne today as the next king.’ (1 King 1:47-48)”